By Thul R., Smith G. D., Coombes S.
We current a bidomain fire-diffuse-fire version that enables mathematical research of propagating waves of increased intracellular calcium () in dwelling cells. Modeling free up as a threshold technique permits the categorical building of touring wave options to probe the dependence of wave velocity on physiologically very important parameters reminiscent of the edge for free up from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the cytosol, the speed of resequestration from the cytosol to the ER, and the whole  (cytosolic plus ER). apparently, linear balance research of the bidomain fire-diffuse-fire version predicts the onset of dynamic wave instabilities resulting in the emergence of waves that propagate in a back-and-forth demeanour. Numerical simulations are used to verify the presence of those so-called 'tango waves' and the dependence of wave velocity at the overall .
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We current a bidomain fire-diffuse-fire version that enables mathematical research of propagating waves of increased intracellular calcium () in residing cells. Modeling free up as a threshold procedure permits the specific building of touring wave suggestions to probe the dependence of wave pace on physiologically vital parameters equivalent to the edge for unencumber from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the cytosol, the speed of resequestration from the cytosol to the ER, and the entire  (cytosolic plus ER).
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Extra resources for A bidomain threshold model of propagating calcium waves
4), and is an important factor when solar neutrino data are analysed, as we shall see. 12 For example, electron neutrinos can produce electrons via reactions like ve + n → e− + p but cannot produce muons; whereas muon neutrinos can produce muons via reactions like vμ + n → μ− + p, but not electrons. In addition, the time t is determined by the distance L of the neutrino detector from the source of the neutrinos, since their momenta are always much greater than their possible masses and they travel, to a very good approximation, at the speed of light.
The distinctive signal is thus two coincidences in the same pair of scintillator tanks, separated by a time, which was calculated to be a few microseconds. 4 Detailed analysis5 conﬁrmed that the remaining signals were due to inverse β-decay events. Antineutrinos had for the ﬁrst time been detected. 2 The exceptions occur mostly in astrophysics and cosmology. 3 and Chapter 11. 3 A charged particle passing through matter will excite atomic electrons, and in some substances, called ‘scintillators’, a small fraction of this excitation energy re-emerges as visible light.
5b) and where only the neutron decay can occur in free space since mn > (mp + me ). 5b) can occur because the apparent energy violation can be compensated by changes in the nuclear binding energy. The neutrinos in these decays have been written as ve or v¯ e by using electron number conservation. They were not initially observed experimentally, but inferred from energy and angular momentum conservation. 4a), the reaction would be a two-body decay, and the energy Ee of the emitted electron would have the unique value Ee = M = M(Z , A) − M(Z + 1 , A) , where we have neglected the nuclear recoil energy.
A bidomain threshold model of propagating calcium waves by Thul R., Smith G. D., Coombes S.