By Lucy Eldersveld Murphy
In a meeting of Rivers, Lucy Eldersveld Murphy lines the histories of Indian, multiracial, and mining groups within the western nice Lakes area through the eighteenth and early 19th centuries. For a century the Winnebagos (Ho-Chunks), Mesquakies (Fox), and Sauks effectively faced waves of French and British immigration via diversifying their economies and commercializing lead mining.Focusing on own tales and unique neighborhood histories, Murphy charts the replaced monetary forces at paintings within the zone, connecting them to shifts in gender roles and intercultural relationships. She argues that French, British, and local peoples solid cooperative social and fiscal bonds expressed partially through mixed-race marriages and the emergence of multiethnic groups at eco-friendly Bay and Prairie du Chien. considerably, local peoples within the western nice Lakes quarter have been in a position to adapt effectively to the hot frontier industry economic system until eventually their lead mining operations turned the envy of outsiders within the 1820s.
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Additional resources for A Gathering of Rivers: Indians, Metis, and Mining in the Western Great Lakes, 1737-1832
For a number of complex reasons, as we shall see, specialization was much more common than bicultural economic cooperation as a means of achieving accommodation. There are several main points I wish to make in this book. The ﬁrst is that most of the Indians in this region adapted creatively to change while resisting dependency on any single group of outsiders or, indeed, on any single source of trade or production. Native women and men had long been producing for subsistence as well as trade, and they continued a variety of activities in the fur trade era, eventually intensifying the production of lead ore and other products that could be traded with other Indians as well as with Euro-Americans.
Introduction Besides evaluating Native autonomy, this study examines the successes and failures of accommodation, that is, the creation of lasting, workable multiracial relations or communities. Two possible avenues to accommodation were specialization or cooperation in economic pursuits. On the one hand, when people specialized in related endeavors at either the group or individual level, this could create mutual interdependence. For example, the fur trade depended on Native Americans who specialized in producing pelts while Creoles played the special roles of merchants.
Gender relations in the Fox-Wisconsin region were based on complementary roles and were substantially more balanced than in most European and Euro-American communities. Men’s and women’s lives were deﬁned by mutually dependent spheres of activity. Clearly deﬁned roles diﬀerentiated most tasks as either men’s or women’s work, typi- Native American Village Economies cal of most Great Lakes Indians. 31 Women managed agricultural and maple sugar production besides preparing the family’s meals and clothing.
A Gathering of Rivers: Indians, Metis, and Mining in the Western Great Lakes, 1737-1832 by Lucy Eldersveld Murphy