By Matthew Lewis
The Wars of the Roses ruled the second one 1/2 the 15th century in England, however the roots of the clash lay farther again in time. households will be torn aside as kings have been deposed and native squabbles settled on a countrywide scale. This booklet deals a quick evaluation of the main personalities and occasions that drove and formed England in this civil battle. starting with Edward III the wars are traced as pink Rose and White Rose fought for dominance within the backyard of britain. strains have been drawn and aspects selected. This was once no flower backyard. This was once battle.
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Extra resources for A glimpse of... the Wars of the Roses
When Constance died in 1394, John married his mistress Katherine Swynford in 1396. Their illegitimate children were legitimised in Parliament by Richard II, later confirmed by Henry IV and Henry V, though the act of legitimacy strictly forbade them or their descendants from claiming the throne. The children took the name Beaufort after the castle in France where they were born. These children were John, Earl of Somerset, who was the ancestor through whom Henry VII's mother claimed royal descent, Cardinal Henry Beaufort, Thomas, Duke of Exeter and Joan who married Ralph Neville, Earl of Westmorland.
York was already there with his eldest sons Edward, Earl of March and Edmund, Earl of Rutland. Their force now numbered perhaps 20-25,000 men. News arrived though that the royal army was approaching and was twice the size of the Yorkist force. Most of the nobility outside the clique gathered at Ludlow remained loyal to their king. Significantly, even frighteningly, the army was being led by King Henry himself under the royal standard. This changed the game altogether. The Yorkists sent letters to the king protesting their loyalty to him.
The Duchy of Lancaster continues to this day to provide a major source of income for the crown. John of Gaunt was uncle to King Richard II. Born in 1340, he was created Earl of Richmond as a child and entered the Order of the Garter in 1359 on the death of one of its original members. He was married first to Blanche of Lancaster and on her father's death he acquired the Dukedom of Lancaster along with the Earldoms of Derby, Leicester and Lincoln and became Steward of England. Blanche died in 1369 leaving John with three children, Henry (later King Henry IV), Philippa (who became Queen of Portugal) and Elizabeth (who married John Holland, Duke of Exeter).
A glimpse of... the Wars of the Roses by Matthew Lewis