By Paul Dukes
The Urals are most sensible referred to as the boundary among Europe and Asia. A background of the Urals demonstrates the region's significance in its personal correct, as a crucible of Russia's defence particularly. within the first English-language ebook to discover the topic absolutely, Paul Dukes examines the region's contribution to the ability of the kingdom in tsarist, Soviet and post-Soviet instances, delivering a fresh antidote to Moscow-centric interpretations of Russian background. The ebook contextualises more moderen classes with chapters at the prior years of the Urals and covers the main environmental in addition to monetary, political and cultural themes.The e-book comprises illustrations and maps, plus lists of books and internet sites, as aids to additional examine and knowing of the topic. A heritage of the Urals is a crucial publication that offers new and useful insights for all scholars of Russian historical past.
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Extra info for A History of the Urals: Russia's Crucible from Early Empire to the Post-Soviet Era
The Bashkirs predominated in the southern steppe. By no means all these people were permanently settled, and they were joined by immigrants from elsewhere. For example, Tatars from the Volga were the second largest group in the Bashkir lands, where Udmurts and others were also to be found. Intermixture of peoples followed their movements. The overall number of non-Russians in the Ural region grew in the eighteenth century, and they predominated to the north and south. Their relationship to the central state varied.
In 1678, near Verkhotur’e, another group of Old Believers were decapitated. From the end of the 1670s, a response to such persecution was self-immolation. In January 1679, by the River Berezovka, 1700 people committed themselves to the flames. In the summer of 1682, 400 inhabitants of a sloboda of Utiatskoe near Kurgan on the River Tobol refused to ‘kiss the cross’ as an oath of loyalty to the new tsars Ivan and Peter, preferring to burn when faced by a detachment of troops. Hundreds more human self-sacrifices were made at the end of the 1680s.
But the reforms that he had initiated remained in effect, arousing the ire of those wanting to adhere to the old ways. The Ural region played an important part in two main ways: the maintenance of the Old Belief and the promotion of protest against the reforms. Bishop Alexander of Viatka was an important figure in this first regard. Possibly prompted by his own spiritual discomfort as well as the discontent of the local population, he became a leading light in the anti-reform movement. He collected a considerable library in order to demonstrate the disagreements with new writings and to preserve the collections of two of the first adherents to the Old Belief, the Archpriests Grigorii Neronov and Avvakum, among other documents.
A History of the Urals: Russia's Crucible from Early Empire to the Post-Soviet Era by Paul Dukes