By Mike Wright, Bart Clarysse, Philippe Mustar, Andy Lockett
Educational Entrepreneurship in Europe Wright, M. Clarysse, B. Mustar, P. Lockett, A. This e-book advances our knowing of collage spin-off production and improvement in environments outdoors the high-tech clusters of the U.S.. whereas there was tremendous college spin-off task across the world in recent times, a variety of significant facets are little understood. The authors argue that the nature of universities is altering as lowered public investment displays a public debate on their function in society. a massive point of this overseas phenomenon is an elevated emphasis at the commercialization of collage learn and on educational entrepreneurship. those new ventures for that reason contain the spinning-off of know-how and data generated via universities. The authors undertake a multi-level strategy of their exam of college spin-offs. eu case reports are in particular chosen to mirror the variety of the institutional setting. In specific, devices of study regarding universities, know-how move workplaces, spin-off organisations, finance services and person marketers and groups are largely analysed in quantitative and qualitative reviews. To finish, coverage implications for the longer term profitable improvement of spin-offs are pointed out. This interesting publication will entice a wide-ranging viewers together with lecturers, coverage makers, researchers and practitioners with an curiosity in educational entrepreneurship and college spin-offs, and, extra regularly, in company and administration and entrepreneurship.
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Additional resources for Academic Entrepreneurship in Europe
In Sweden, two new markets established for small technology companies the Stockholm Bourse Information (SBI) and the Innovationsmarknaden (IM) were merged in 1998 (OECD, 2003), These markets enabled innovative ﬁrms to raise capital to accelerate their growth, and venture capitalists to make their equity capital in these ﬁrms more accessible. However, the success of these markets has been mixed with, for example, the Neuer Markt closing in the aftermath of the bursting of the dotcom bubble. 5). Reﬂecting their emphasis on later-stage and buyout investments, although the UK and France are the most developed private equity and venture capital markets in Europe, they have considerably lower levels of early stage VC investment per percentage of GDP.
In the UK, whose ﬁnancial system most closely resembles that of the US, a venture capital sector developed ahead of those elsewhere in Europe. Although there were long established venture capitalists (VCs) such as 3i, the VC sector began to develop in earnest at the end of the 1970s following the Wilson Committee inquiry into the role of ﬁnancial institutions (Wilson, 1979; Wright and Robbie, 1999). However, the greater emphasis of the UK venture capital market has been on later-stage and management buy-out investments.
Source: Clarysse and Bruneel (forthcoming). 2). Some of these schemes are common across Europe while others relate to particular countries. Some governments have created public funds with the speciﬁc aim of ﬁnancing (high-tech) spin-offs at a very early stage. These funds only have public parties as institutional investors and are therefore publicly owned, such as the Flemish (Belgian) VINNOF. This fund has a budget of 100 million euros and is involved in pre-seed, seed and early stage venture capital.
Academic Entrepreneurship in Europe by Mike Wright, Bart Clarysse, Philippe Mustar, Andy Lockett