By O. Kroodsma (Auth.)
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Extra resources for Acoustic Communication in Birds. Production, Perception & Design Features of Sounds
It can amount to an amplitude change of 2 - 4 dB, and it increases as the tape speed gets slower. Functionally it is program-dependent AM. G. Tape Recorder Maintenance Maintenance is crucial for proper recorder performance. Routine maintenance should be performed at least every 10 hr of running time. Routine maintenance must include, as a minimum, a thorough cleaning and demagnetization of the tape path. If the proper test and calibration equipment are not available for verification of the recorder's performance, a qualified technician should be found and a maintenance schedule set.
The predictable and 37 1. Recording Avian Sounds periodic nature of most musical and spoken program material is what allows the VU meter to be the useful tool it is. In the case of bird sound where it is possible to find peaks in the 5-msec range occurring over relatively long intervals, it is possible to have substantial metering errors. 2. Metering Errors There are two interlocked variables that cause metering errors. One is the duration of the pulse itself. The other is the time between succeeding pulses.
By comparing the recordings, you can hear if something has changed. Of course, if a new microphone of the same model as the one in question is available, a simple A - B comparison can be performed. For a rough indication of polar response, you can walk a circle around the microphone and note your position on the tape. By listening to this recording, you can hear how angular incidence affects the recording. Any crucial parameter should be verified by further testing. IV. THE TAPE RECORDER A. S o m e Fundamentals and the Direct Recorder There are four basic elements involved in recording and playing back magnetic tape.
Acoustic Communication in Birds. Production, Perception & Design Features of Sounds by O. Kroodsma (Auth.)