By Kevin D. Mccranie
Lord Keith, a Scottish admiral who rose to prominence serving His Majesty from 1761 to 1815, ended his occupation by means of overseeing Napoleon’s give up in 1815. Born George Keith Elphinstone, Keith at one time or one other held approximately each vital command within the British military, and his tale illustrates the navy’s historical past through the Age of battling Sail. McCranie’s ebook is the 1st smooth biography of Keith, who realized the paintings of commanding unmarried ships and small squadrons throughout the American Revolution. Keith finally commanded 4 significant fleets—the japanese Seas, the Mediterranean, the North Sea, and the Channel. even though he by no means led a fleet into conflict, Keith supported joint operations with the British military and its allies whereas at the same time preserving command of the ocean and making sure the unfastened passage of trade. a talented administrator, who now and then managed greater than 2 hundred ships over hundreds of thousands of sq. miles of ocean, Keith effectively navigated the political and social waters to boot. Drawing on greater than 100,000 inner most and public files, McCranie records Keith’s dealings with the British govt, the Royal relations, the Admiralty, the French executive, the French army, the British military, and Britain’s allies. mentioning letters Keith wrote to his spouse, his sister, his oldest daughter, and his father, to whom he defined his first impressions of the army, the writer deals a private portrait and narrative of a career-conscious officer who fearful approximately what others considered him. This e-book will entice historians of the Royal army, the French Revolution, and the Napoleonic period, in addition to fanatics of the Age of battling Sail.
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Additional resources for Admiral Lord Keith and the Naval War against Napoleon (New Perspectives on Maritime History and Nautical Archaeology)
Had they [the bullfighters] been killed it would have been quite complete. . 41 Upon Hood’s return, a series of extraordinary events occurred that would influence British operations and directly involve Elphinstone until late December 1793. Toulon and Marseilles had revolted against the French National Convention in July as part of a reaction against its radical policies. The Convention reacted swiftly, sending an army to crush the rebellion. Delegations from Marseilles and Toulon petitioned Hood for assistance, but negotiations were so slow that Marseilles fell to Republican forces before an agreement was reached.
This paralyzed the British naval commander, Vice Admiral Marriot Arbuthnot, and his ships at New York, but as winter descended, intelligence arrived that the French had sailed from the coast. On 26 December, Arbuthnot’s squadron of fourteen warships and ninety transports, with 8,700 soldiers embarked, sailed from New York amid heavy ice floes. The Perseus led the convoy, bound for Charleston, the center of the rebellion in the southern colonies. Almost unabated adverse weather made the job of escorting the transports a nightmare.
The major problem was the lack of soldiers and marines aboard Hood’s ships—and few regiments were forthcoming from Britain. ”44 “If I were well it would be a wonder”: Personal and Career Prospects (1774–94) / 35 Map 3. Toulon. Hood appointed Elphinstone governor of Toulon, and several days later on 30 August a patrol reported that approximately 600 Republican soldiers and ten guns had arrived at the town of Ollioules, on a main road about three miles from Toulon. Elphinstone immediately abandoned his lunch, gathered 300 British and an equal number of Spaniards, and marched toward Ollioules.
Admiral Lord Keith and the Naval War against Napoleon (New Perspectives on Maritime History and Nautical Archaeology) by Kevin D. Mccranie