By Monica K. Miller, Brian H. Bornstein
This first quantity of an exhilarating annual sequence offers very important new advancements within the psychology at the back of matters within the legislation and its purposes. mental concept is used to discover why many present criminal regulations and approaches will be useless or counterproductive, with targeted emphasis on new findings on how witnesses, jurors, and suspects should be prompted, occasionally resulting in injustice. professional students make thoughts for advancements, suggesting either destiny instructions for learn inquiries on subject matters and wanted coverage alterations. subject matters integrated during this preliminary providing have infrequently been thought of in such an in-depth style or are wanting critical re-thinking:
- Interrogation of minority suspects: pathways to real and fake confessions.
- A accomplished review of showups.
- The weapon concentration impression for individual identifications and descriptions.
- The psychology of felony jury directions.
- Structured danger overview and criminal selection making.
- Children’s participation in felony court cases: pressure, coping, and consequences.
- Sex criminal coverage and prevention.
- The psychology of tort law.
Demonstrating the scope and rigor that would symbolize the sequence, quantity 1 of Advances in Psychology and legislation will curiosity psychology and felony specialists in addition to training psychologists, and may encourage clean considering because the fields proceed to interact.
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Extra resources for Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 1
They do so in the context of multiple sources of “intuitive insights,” including any stereotypes with potential to affect their judgments. , gang members), etc. with crime generally or the specific crime in question can promote perceptions of the suspect’s deception and guilt indirectly, through their effects on interpretation of cues of deception (as well as on interpretation of other “evidence”). It is also important to note that the presumption of guilt has been shown to affect interrogator behavior toward suspects.
The interrogator will confront the suspect, with absolute confidence that the suspect is guilty, using real, implied, or false claims of the evidence to support this claim. If the suspect is successfully convinced he cannot be exonerated, his attention tends to turn to how to minimize the consequences rather than to efforts to strive toward exoneration. This paves the way for the second phase: strategies designed to convince him that confession will result in superior consequences to denial. Minorities and enhanced hopelessness during interrogation.
Unfortunately, rather than focusing upon requirements of evidence-based probable cause as a basis for interrogation, the new strategies focused on the development of detection of deception through assessment of verbal and nonverbal behaviors purportedly reflecting truth versus deception during the process of interviewing or interrogation. , 2011; Reid & Arther, 1953) becoming the predominant behavioral technique. Though not all law enforcement officers are trained in use of physiological techniques, training in, and use of, behavioral lie detection methods are pervasive.
Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 1 by Monica K. Miller, Brian H. Bornstein