By Peter K. J. Park
A ancient research of the exclusion of Africa and Asia from sleek histories of philosophy.
In this provocative historiography, Peter okay. J. Park offers a penetrating account of a vital interval within the improvement of philosophy as an instructional self-discipline. in the course of those many years, a variety of ecu philosophers motivated via Immanuel Kant started to formulate the background of philosophy as a march of development from the Greeks to Kant—a family tree that supplanted present debts starting in Egypt or Western Asia and at a time whilst eu curiosity in Sanskrit and Persian literature used to be flourishing. now not with out debate, those traditions have been finally deemed outdoors the scope of philosophy and relegated to the learn of faith. Park uncovers this debate and recounts the advance of an exclusionary canon of philosophy within the many years of the overdue eighteenth and early 19th centuries. To what volume was once this exclusion of Africa and Asia end result of the the scientization of philosophy? To what quantity was once it end result of the racism?
This publication comprises the main large description to be had anyplace of Joseph-Marie de Gérando’s Histoire comparée des systèmes de philosophie, Friedrich Schlegel’s lectures at the background of philosophy, Friedrich Ast’s and Thaddä Anselm Rixner’s systematic integration of Africa and Asia into the background of philosophy, and the controversy among G. W. F. Hegel and the theologian August Tholuck over “pantheism.”
“Africa, Asia, and the historical past of Philosophy is a welcome boost to a missed quarter within the historical past of principles. Philosophy has lengthy suffered from exclusions that continue us from absolutely appreciating the contributions to our box from Africa and Asia. Park’s booklet uncovers a few of the resources of philosophy’s exclusionary practices. The ancient element is impressive.” — Elizabeth Millán, writer of Friedrich Schlegel and the Emergence of Romantic Philosophy
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Additional resources for Africa, Asia, and the History of Philosophy. Racism in the Formation of the Philosophical Canon, 1780–1830
Offered to the eyes of the observer . . enough to inspire in shallow minds a profound despondency. —Joseph-Marie de Gérando (1804)1 While the Kantian revolution in the field of history of philosophy was unfolding in Germany, another revolution in this field was occurring in France and in a neighboring corner of Germany. In this and the next chapter, I discuss the histories of philosophy by Joseph-Marie de Gérando (1772–1842) and Friedrich Schlegel (1772–1829). They conceived and realized the idea of comparative history of philosophy.
36 De Gérando also warned of speculative philosophy’s negative effects on morality. He feared that speculative doctrines allowed the mind to prevail over the sentiments. On the basis of speculative doctrines, which are ultimately subjective, one might presume a right to interrogate the moral code. He feared that moral philosophers, in seeking the moral law in certain ideal combinations, could be diverted from the true interests of the moral community. In the delicate application of a moral principle to varying circumstances, speculative doctrines might indiscriminately impose absolute and inflexible maxims, which are so characteristic of a priori methods.
14 Brucker had also described the history of philosophy as the history of the human understanding, clearly showing the extent of its capacity, the causes of its perversion, and the means by which it may be recalled from its unprofitable The Birth of Comparative History of Philosophy 35 wanderings, and successfully employed in subserviency to the happiness of mankind. ”16 Early in the first volume of de Gérando’s work is a review of previous histories of philosophy. The French historian of philosophy singled out Brucker for a long review.
Africa, Asia, and the History of Philosophy. Racism in the Formation of the Philosophical Canon, 1780–1830 by Peter K. J. Park