By Touraj Daryaee
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Extra info for Šahrestānīhā ī Ērānšahr: A Middle Persian Text on Late Antique Geography, Epic, and History : With English and Persian Translations and Commentary (Bibliotheca Iranica: Intellectual Traditions Series)
Two righteous men who were from the lineage of kings by the name of Arn1ayII and KannayIl decided to pose as cooks, so tl1at they would be able to save one youth each day. From these saved people, it is said that the Kurdish people originated. DlnawarI, however, gives us some other information and that is that Zahhak made a man by the name of ArmayII as his WazTr. He was from the family of Aifaxsiid, "Jamsld," and every day he would release two people out of four men (obviously numbers here differ), and would instead give the tyrant sheep brain.
What is noteworthy is that the area proclaimed as being the land of Iran is much larger than the area in which the Sasanians ruled. This may indicate an ideal (political) view of what the land or em pire should entail. The other important point is that this text was redacted in the eighth century, when the Arab Muslims had conquered and put an end to the Sasanian empire. While the empire is no more, the Zoroastrian scribes still imagined a set territory as the domain of the Iranians which echoes the sentiinents of Siihniime-ye Abu Man�iirl and Ibn Rusta where the land of Iran is from Egypt to Central Asia (Wiet 1955; 115).
While Markwart denies Siisanian influ ence in Mecca and Medina (Markwart 1932; 83), there is evidence to the contrary. Arabic sources state that the Sasanians attempted to control Mecca and Medina in the late sixth century and had influence in this re gion (Bosworth 1983; 600 : Kister 1968; 144-1 47). " The inclusion of the Arabian city of Medina in the Hijaz in this text suggests that the SE was redacted after the early seventh century, since the name of the city in pre-Islamic times , Ya,trib, (Minaean inscriptions) Ythrb, and (Greek) Iathrippa 994).
Šahrestānīhā ī Ērānšahr: A Middle Persian Text on Late Antique Geography, Epic, and History : With English and Persian Translations and Commentary (Bibliotheca Iranica: Intellectual Traditions Series) by Touraj Daryaee