By C. W. M. Whitty and O. L. Zangwill (Eds.)
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Extra info for Amnesia. Clinical, Psychological and Medicolegal Aspects
However, the overall inferiority of the amnesic group to the healthy controls was dramatic for all periods as would be predicted by the hypothesis of a defect located at the stage of retrieval. There are, however, difficulties in basing far-reaching conclusions on these results. Four of the five amnesic patients were women and it is not clear that the test used was free from sex differences. A greater difficulty is the possibility that the amnesic patients did not receive normal exposure to the items constituting the test.
A recall group could not be included in the experimental design but it may be seen from the comparisons presented in Table 5 that, for the three test methods in common to the two TABLE 5 Percentage of correct responses obtained by Woods and Piercy's (1974) normal subjects. 0) Yes-No recognition Figures in brackets are scores obtained by Weiskrantz and Warrington expressed as percentages for amnesics (shown with Woods and Piercy's one-week test scores) and for controls (shown with Woods and Piercy's one-minute test scores).
Imagery Recent work concerned with semantic aspects of normal human memory has led to the postulation of two different but interacting systems underlying memory for meaningful material: one derived from language skills, the other associated with the use of imagery. The possible role of imagery in facilitating amnesic memory has received attention in three different experiments. Baddeley and Warrington (1973) examined amnesics' and controls' memory for words when these were grouped according to (a) phonemic similarity, (b) membership of taxonomic category and (c) relevance to a composite visual image described by the experimenter.
Amnesia. Clinical, Psychological and Medicolegal Aspects by C. W. M. Whitty and O. L. Zangwill (Eds.)