By Helge S. Kragh
This ebook introduces the methodological and philosophical issues of which smooth heritage of technological know-how is anxious, supplying a accomplished and significant overview via description and review of important historiographical viewpoints. Incorporating dialogue of key difficulties mostly old writing, with examples drawn from a number disciplines, this non-elementary creation bridges the space among normal heritage and heritage of technology. Following a overview of the early improvement of the historical past of technological know-how, the speculation of background as utilized to technology historical past is brought, analyzing the fundamental difficulties which this generates, together with difficulties of periodisation, ideological services, and the clash among diachronical and anachronical historiography. ultimately, the booklet considers the severe use, and research, of historic assets, and the potential for the experiemental reconstruction of historical past. Aimed basically at scholars, the book's large scope and integration of old, philosophical and clinical issues will curiosity philosophers, sociologists and common historians, for whom there is not any replacement advent to the topic at this point.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to the Historiography of Science
Above all it demands the ability to view with detachment the events one has to deal with. . This means, for one thing, that the whole of what is known as modern science, which may be defined as everything that has occurred since 1900, has had to be excluded. 26 Although it is not the task of the historian to evaluate events in relation to what today is recognized as true or false, the objection may be relevant in connection with History of science 31 the use of certain historiographical and philosophical frameworks.
The view that fundamental scientific concepts can only be correctly understood via the critical—historical method is widespread. 3 But, again, it is difficult to point out concrete examples in which the mechanism suggested by Jammer has succeeded. Even if scientists in some cases have been inspired by historical reading, this cannot be regarded as support for the thesis of direct scientific relevance of the history of science. It is rather a sporadic influence, like the one occasionally provided by, for example, literature or religion.
6 The idea widely accepted today about the dependence of observations on theory implies, therefore, that it may be impossible to isolate the empirical 44 Introduction to historiography of science facts of the past, in the sense of true statements about nature, uninfluenced by theory. But it does not imply that for that reason history of science must cease to be factual. It is just that the facts sought by the historian are historical, not scientific facts. It is a historical fact, for example, that Gilbert had a particular world picture that caused him to make some magnetic experiments that he described in a particular way.
An Introduction to the Historiography of Science by Helge S. Kragh