By Susheng Gan
The medical and monetary importance of plant senescence signifies that a lot attempt has been made to appreciate the tactics concerned and to plot technique of manipulating them agriculturally. up to now few years there was substantial growth during this regard, in particular within the molecular, genetic and genomic points. Senescence has a massive impression on agriculture. for instance, leaf senescence limits crop yield and biomass creation, and contributes considerably to postharvest loss in vegetable and decorative plants in the course of transportation, garage and on cabinets. furthermore, proteins, antioxidants and different dietary compounds are degraded in the course of senescence. Senescing tissues additionally turn into extra vulnerable to pathogen an infection, and a few of the pathogens may perhaps produce pollutants, rendering meals dangerous. Mitotic senescence can also ascertain sizes of leaves, culmination and full vegetation.
This quantity summarizes contemporary progresses within the body structure, biochemistry, telephone biology, molecular biology, genomics, proteomics, and biotechnology of plant senescence. starting with a bankruptcy on senescence-related terminology and our present wisdom of mitotic senescence in vegetation (a much less well-studied area), the publication specializes in post-mitotic senescence, and contains chapters addressing the senescence of leaves, plants and end result. Later chapters learn the improvement of assorted new biotechnologies for manipulating the senescence techniques of fruit and leaves, a few of that are drawing close commercialization. The e-book is directed at researchers and pros in plant molecular genetics, body structure and biochemistry.Content:
Chapter 1 Mitotic Senescence in crops (pages 1–11): Susheng Gan
Chapter 2 Chlorophyll Catabolism and Leaf shade (pages 12–38): Stefan Hortensteiner and David W. Lee
Chapter three Membrane Dynamics and legislation of Subcellular adjustments in the course of Senescence (pages 39–68): Marianne Hopkins, Linda McNamara, Catherine Taylor, Tzann?Wei Wang and John Thompson
Chapter four Oxidative rigidity and Leaf Senescence (pages 69–86): Ulrike Zentgraf
Chapter five Nutrient Remobilization in the course of Leaf Senescence (pages 87–107): Andreas M. Fischer
Chapter 6 Environmental law of Leaf Senescence (pages 108–144): Amnon Lers
Chapter 7 Developmental and Hormonal regulate of Leaf Senescence (pages 145–170): Jos H.M. Schippers, Hai?Chun Jing, Jacques Hille and Paul P. Dijkwel
Chapter eight The Genetic regulate of Senescence published via Mapping Quantitative Trait Loci (pages 171–201): Helen Ougham, Ian Armstead, Catherine Howarth, Isaac Galyuon, Iain Donnison and Howard Thomas
Chapter nine Genomics and Proteomics of Leaf Senescence (pages 202–230): Marie?Jeanne Carp and Shimon Gepstein
Chapter 10 Molecular rules of Leaf Senescence (pages 231–255): Hyo Jung Kim, Pyung okay Lim and Hong Gil Nam
Chapter eleven Flower Senescence (pages 256–277): Michael S. Reid and Jen?Chih Chen
Chapter 12 Fruit Ripening and its Manipulation (pages 278–303): James J. Giovannoni
Chapter thirteen Genetic Manipulation of Leaf Senescence (pages 304–322): Yongfeng Guo and Susheng Gan
Read Online or Download Annual Plant Reviews Volume 26: Senescence Processes in Plants PDF
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Additional info for Annual Plant Reviews Volume 26: Senescence Processes in Plants
L. H. (2003) Resorption protection. Anthocyanins facilitate nutrient recovery in autumn by shielding leaves from potentially damaging light levels. Plant Physiol 133, 1296–1305. L. H. (2001) Physiological signiﬁcance of anthocyanins during autumnal leaf senescence. Tree Physiol 21, 1–8. K. and Peltonen, P. (2002) Bright autumn colours of deciduous trees attract aphids: nutrient retranslocation hypothesis. Oikos 99, 184–188. Horn, R. and Paulsen, H. (2004) Early steps in the assembly of light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b complex – time-resolved ﬂuorescence measurements.
This investigation also corroborates other earlier ﬁndings: In extracts of senescent canola cotyledons or F. , 1994). , 2005). In both Arabidopsis FCCs, the C13-methylester is hydrolyzed. One of them, At-FCC-1, carries an additional hydroxyl group, most probably at C82 . , 2003) (see below). 3 Nonﬂuorescent chlorophyll catabolites NCCs have been found in all higher plant species analyzed for the presence of colorless chl breakdown products and a convenient nomenclature has been proposed for distinction (Ginsburg and Matile, 1993).
1999) Mass exodus from senescing soybean chloroplasts. Plant Cell Physiol 40, 986–992. , Folstad, I. W. (2003) Autumn colouration and herbivore resistance in mountain birch (Betula pubescens). Ecol Lett 6, 807–811. D. P. (2001) Autumn tree colours as a handicap signal. Proc Royal Soc Lond B 268, 1489–1493. A. and Melis, A. ): immunochemical analysis of chlorophyll b-less and chlorophyll b-deﬁcient mutants. Photosynth Res 38, 141–151. D. B. (1987) Chlorophyll degradation. A biological enigma. New Phytol 107, 255–302.
Annual Plant Reviews Volume 26: Senescence Processes in Plants by Susheng Gan