By D. C. Ferree, I. Warrington
This publication offers a entire reference paintings, summarising our wisdom of apples and their construction around the world. It comprises 24 chapters written by means of foreign gurus from the us, Canada, Europe and New Zealand. the most topics addressed comprise taxonomy and creation records, plant fabrics, apple body structure, orchard and tree administration, crop defense (including natural production), harvesting and dealing with and usage. The ebook might be of important curiosity to these operating in horticulture and botany.
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Extra resources for Apples: Botany, Production and Uses
C. J. K. E. 1 Apple scab (V. 2 Powdery mildew (P. leucotricha (Ell. 1 Traditional Breeding The genetic improvement of scion cultivars is the primary focus of this chapter, but the approaches used are also relevant to rootstock and ornamental Malus breeding. 1). The review of apple breeding by Janick et al. (1996) provides information on apple origin and early development, Malus species, modern breeding objectives, breeding techniques, resistance breeding and biotechnology. Information on apple breeding is also 43 44 44 44 44 45 45 46 46 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 48 48 48 48 48 49 49 49 49 50 50 51 51 51 52 52 52 52 52 reviewed in Brown (1975).
In 1997, two low-chill cultivars were released: ‘Condessa’, with more scab and mildew resistance than ‘Princesa’, and the scab-resistant ‘Duquesa’. In 1999, three cultivars adapted to regions with 100–500 chilling units or less were released: ‘Eva’, ‘Anabela’ and ‘Caricia’. ) and ‘Caricia’ is scab-resistant. 1 Gembloux The programme at the Department of Biological Control and Plant Genetic Resources started in 1988. Its goals are to Apple breeding started in the 1970s at the Fruit Growing Institute in Plovdiv.
Shenyang Agricultural University released ‘Hanfu’, a hybrid of ‘Dongguang’ × ‘Fuji’. This cultivar is known for its hardiness and high eating quality. The Research Institute of Pomology (CAAS) released ‘Qiojin’ in 1975. 4 Shaanxi Province The Shaanxi Fruit Research Institute at Yangling released ‘Quinguan’, a hybrid of ‘Golden Delicious’ × ‘Jiguan’, in 1970. 5 Shandong Province The Shandong Fruit Research Institute is at Tai-an. 6 Xinjiang Autonomous Region The Kueitun Fruit Research Institute released ‘XinShuai’ in 1985.
Apples: Botany, Production and Uses by D. C. Ferree, I. Warrington