Michel Leclerq's Applied Neuropsychology of Attention: Theory, Diagnosis and PDF

By Michel Leclerq

ISBN-10: 0203307011

ISBN-13: 9780203307014

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By Michel Leclerq

ISBN-10: 0203307011

ISBN-13: 9780203307014

Show description

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Additional info for Applied Neuropsychology of Attention: Theory, Diagnosis and Rehabilitation

Sample text

For them, controlled processing underlies varied mapping. This controlled processing implies that the subject carries out serial comparisons between each into memory item and each item presented on the screen until a ‘match’ is found, or until all comparisons have been carried out in order to ensure the absence of targets. On the other hand, the significant improvement of performance in consistent mapping through practice shows the progressive emergence of automatic processing, which is run in parallel and in an independent way.

P. 190, our translation) Despite the importance of empirical observations in favour of this integration theory, there is an increasing amount of data questioning this approach 24 Theory (for a detailed evaluation see Humphreys and Bruce, 1989). Thus, for example, LaBerge’s experiment (1983) described above indicates that the subject is able to process simultaneously all the letters of a word, this observation suggesting that serial attention is not required to integrate the features of each letter before they are combined and form the word.

It is the same for block F + 1 in which the target is the digit 5: the targets 3 and 4, in the preceding block, appear among the distractors. By applying this paradigm to different types of material (letters, digits or patterns of dots), Schneider and Shiffrin (1977) demonstrated that the processing underlying the consistent mapping improved spectacularly with practice, contrary to that underlying the varied mapping. e. when the screen includes distractors only. On the other hand, in the consistent mapping condition, decision speed is almost independent of the number of targets to detect or of the number of stimuli shown on the screen.

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Applied Neuropsychology of Attention: Theory, Diagnosis and Rehabilitation by Michel Leclerq


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