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The ancient site was discovered on two naturai hilis, Tell A and Tell B, which rise above the floodplain of the river. They are separated fiom one another by a large and deepiy cut wadi running from the east into the Euphrates River (Olthmann 198 1 : Taf 2 1-22). ) was encountered in Tell B, Tell A consisted of occupation that began with the last pan of the Early Bronze Age and continued into the Middle Bronze Age. The excavaton divided the area of Tell A (300 m x 400 m) into smaller quadrants to facilitate recording and laying out their trenches.

Since this Cypriote sherd is commonly associated with the Late Bronze Age (Amiran 1970: 182), then the level 5 pottery should date to the Late Bronze Age or earlier. The excavators suggest that phase 5b may represent the beginning of the Late Bronze, while phase 4 marks the end of that period (Orthmann and Kühne 1974: 94). They aiso note that the pottery of phase 5b has sirnilarities with level 2 of quadrant 2733 and that both are contemporary with the latest levels at Habuba Kabira (Orthmann and Kühne 1974: 94).

A partition wail divided the interior space into a long cella and short antechamber. Lion orthostats flanked the passageway between these two rooms (Heinnch et ai. 1970: 76). 1 and H7, a senes of plastered floors and altemating grave1 layen were encountered, unfortunately without any associated walls (Heinrich et al. 1974: 14). The foundation trenches and the stonework of the later walls entirely destroyed the remnants of the w d s from this earlier penod (Heinrich et ai. 1974: 16). Nonetheless, the building had çome special significance in these earlier le~els,as indicated by the fact that the floors were continually renovated and carefully maintaineci.

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Archeology - Bronze Age In Syria, Mesopotamia


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