By Richard C Brown
This ebook is a heritage, research, and feedback of what the writer calls postmodern interpretations of technological know-how (PIS) and the heavily comparable sociology of clinical wisdom (SSK). This move strains its beginning to Thomas Kuhn's innovative paintings, The constitution of clinical Revolutions (1962), yet is extra severe. It believes that technology is a social building , having little to do with nature, and relies on contextual forces corresponding to the race, category, gender of the scientist, laboratory politics, or the desires of the army business complicated. because the Nineteen Seventies, PIS has develop into stylish within the humanities, social sciences, and ethnic or women's stories, in addition to within the new educational self-discipline of technology, know-how, and Society (STS). it's been attacked by means of a variety of authors and the ensuing conflicts resulted in the so-called technology Wars of the Nineteen Nineties. whereas the current ebook can also be severe of PIS, it specializes in its highbrow and political origins and attempts to appreciate why it grew to become influential within the Seventies. The booklet is either an highbrow and a political heritage. It examines the strategies of Karl Popper, Karl Mannheim, Ludwik Fleck, Thomas Kuhn, Paul Feyerabend, David Bloor, Steve Woolgar, Steve Shapin, Bruno Latour, and PIS-like doctrines in arithmetic. It additionally describes a number of philosophical contributions to PIS starting from the Greek sophists to twentieth century post-structuralists and argues that the disturbed political surroundings of the Vietnam warfare period was once severe to the increase of PIS. Contents: Rip van Winkle Awakes; A Golden Age and Its finish; components within the PIS Bouillabaisse; A Canary within the Mine; The Unmasking of cause; notion kinds and inspiration Collectives; The Reluctant progressive; whatever is going; The Sociological assault; The Deconstruction of arithmetic; Epistemic matters; The Fallibility of Conventionalism and Fallibilism; Madison in 1973; Kto Kogo?.
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This ebook is a historical past, research, and feedback of what the writer calls postmodern interpretations of technology (PIS) and the heavily comparable sociology of medical wisdom (SSK). This circulation strains its starting place to Thomas Kuhn's innovative paintings, The constitution of clinical Revolutions (1962), yet is extra severe.
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Extra info for Are Science And Mathematics Socially Constructed?: A Mathematician Encounters Postmodern Interpretations of Science (Nonlinear Science)
The reader may think of other characteristics of PIS which we have omitted or disagree with some we have given. But we are trying to describe an intellectual miasma or fog, not a precisely defined doctrine. Our intention has only been to indicate the “flavor” of one side of the Science Wars. Also, what we have been describing is just one small pond within the much larger sea of postmodernism, a movement which has affected almost every area of culture since the 1970s. There are, for example, doctrines parallel to what we call PIS in art, literature, philosophy, architecture, theater, and in many other fields.
2 Note February 4, 2009 10:17 30 World Scientific Book - 9in x 6in PostmodernSci Postmodern Interpretations of Science titude, shared by many philosophers, rather than sharply defined doctrines that is of most importance in the recipe for PIS. Proceeding to the twentieth century, we find several cups of the sociology of knowledge (itself a casserole of many of the previous ingredients) which, as we will argue below, is the decisive component helping to form SSK in the PIS bouillabaisse. There are also several lesser but nourishing ingredients in contemporary philosophy that the PIS has consumed.
At best such a belief is a product of wishful thinking, and in many cases it is a scam practiced by scientists to enhance the power of the ruling elites or of the West generally, as well as their own social prestige. Thus science should not be “privileged” over “other ways of knowing” to be found in one’s own society or in other cultures. For example, it is not to be ranked above intellectual systems such as Chinese traditional medicine, American Indian cosmology, Vedic science, astrology, Zuni rain dances, or African magic.
Are Science And Mathematics Socially Constructed?: A Mathematician Encounters Postmodern Interpretations of Science (Nonlinear Science) by Richard C Brown